The Implementation of the Intra-ACP Migration Facility falls within the framework of a set of texts and decisions taken at high level, and referring to the need of taking into account and mainstreaming migration issues into the development policies of ACP States.
These include mainly:
The Millennium Objectives (poverty reduction);
The Cotonou Agreement (Articles 8 and 13) – Download;
The Brussels Declaration on Asylum, Migration and Mobility adopted by the ACP ministers at their meeting in April 2006 and its Action Plan which advocates the need to view issues of migration from a global perspective, to consider the role that Diaspora can play in development, issues of mobility, human resources and regional integration, not forgetting the combat against organised crime networks. The ACP Ministers also called for the creation of a virtual Migration Observatory;
The Rabat Conference Declaration of July 2006 and its Action Plan;
The Joint Declaration of Member States and African countries in Tripoli, in November 2006;
And the various initiatives of the European Commission since 1999 on the nexus between Migration and Development;
The EC Communication of September 2005 focuses on best practices of Member States and selects as priorities: remittances, dialogue with the Diaspora, temporary migration, conditions for return and re-integration and the adverse effects of the brain drain;
The Global Approach to Migration, drafted in 2005 and reviewed in 2006, underscores the urgent need to strengthen EU Migration policy, propose « sustainable solutions » and take cooperation initiatives on « migration routes » between countries of origin, transit and destination. This document stresses the importance of research on the root causes of migration, of better management of migratory flows and of information campaigns among potential migrants.
Finally, the European Council Presidency Conclusions of December 2006 recalled commitments undertaken at the Rabat and Tripoli Councils and at the United Nations Global Forum on, inter alia:
Strengthening dialogue and partnership between the different parties;
Building capacity to guarantee effective management of migration by establishing individual country migration profiles;
The need to respect migrant’s human rights and basic freedoms, by giving importance to civil society and the defense of migrant’s rights.