Migration issues are deeply embedded in the respective national contexts, economically and politically. However, looking at regions in their entirety, patterns do emerge: a large number of African countries are simultaneously emigration, immigration and transit countries, while Caribbean and Pacific countries are for the most part countries of net emigration, due to their proximity to the United States, Australia or New Zealand.
Immigration: “the action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country.”
[The movement OUTBOUND from where you were leaving; the “SENDING” country]
Emigration: “the act of leaving one’s native country with the intent to settle permanently or temporarily elsewhere.”
[The movement INBOUND; the country where you are going; the “RECEIVING” country]